The Ashanti Region is centrally located in the middle belt of Ghana. It lies between longitudes 0.15W and 2.25W, and latitudes 5.50N and 7.46N. The region shares boundaries with four of the ten political regions, Brong-Ahafo in the north, Eastern Region in the east, Central Region in the south and Western Region in the Southwest.
The Asante (Ashantis) constitute the largest of the various subgroups of the Akan, who trace their origins partly to Bono-Manso and Techiman, in the present-day Brong Ahafo Region. They constitute 14.8 per cent of all Ghanaians by birth and 30.1 per cent of the total Akan population of 8,562,748 in the country. Various oral traditions have it that the Ashantis migrated from various places through Bono-Manso/Takyiman (Techiman) to the present day Ashanti Region.
The population of the Region according to the 2010 Population and Housing Census stands at 4,780,380 with 2,316,052 males and 2,464,328 females.